Source: The Economic Forum

Air pollution is a big issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s a silent killer that may cause everything from simple respiratory troubles to life-threatening infections. Because the negative consequences of air pollution are not always evident, it is sometimes referred to as the “hidden hazard.” This post will go through some of the most frequent ailments caused by air pollution.

Environmental pollution, a hidden culprit for health issues - ScienceDirect
Source: Science Direct


Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition affecting millions of individuals worldwide. It is a disorder in which the airways become inflamed, making breathing difficult. Air pollution is one of the most prominent causes of asthma episodes. Individuals who live in polluted environments are more prone to acquire asthma, and those who already have asthma may have more frequent and severe attacks.


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung illness that makes breathing difficult. Long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and dust causes it. Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness are all signs of COPD. COPD is a prominent cause of mortality globally, and air pollution can exacerbate the illness.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a dangerous and possibly fatal illness that is frequently caused by environmental contaminants such as air pollution. Long-term exposure to air pollution has been proven in studies to raise the incidence of lung cancer, particularly among smokers. Air pollution contains a number of carcinogens that can damage the DNA in lung cells, resulting in cancer growth.

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

Air pollution can also have an adverse effect on cardiovascular health. Fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide exposure have been related to an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular disorders. Inflammation in the body can also be caused by air pollution, which can contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries and can lead to heart disease.

Neurological Disorders

According to recent research, air pollution can have a major influence on brain health. Particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide exposure have been associated to an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other neurological illnesses. Inflammation in the brain caused by air pollution can lead to cognitive impairment and other neurological issues.

How air pollution affects the central nervous system over time
Source: News Medical

Health Concerns for Children

Children are especially sensitive to the negative impacts of air pollution. Pollutant exposure can cause a variety of health issues, including asthma, respiratory infections, and developmental abnormalities. Air pollution can also have an adverse effect on cognitive function, impairing a child’s capacity to learn and develop. Children who grow up in polluted environments are more prone to have these health issues.

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Usman Kashmirwala
Your thoughts are your biggest asset in this world and as a content writer, you get a chance to pen down these thoughts and make them eternal. I am Usman Kashmirwala, apart from being a movie maniac, car geek and a secret singer, I am a guy lucky enough to be working in a profession that allows me to showcase my opinions and vision to the world every day and do my little part in making it a better place for all of us.