Once again, naegleria infection cases are on the rise in Pakistan. This year, five people have died from this lethal infection. Naegleria infection is caused by a brain-eating amoeba which is commonly found in warm, freshwater lakes, rivers, swimming pools, and hot springs.
How To Detect The Infection
Since Naegleria Fowleri affects the brain, it causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis.
The signs and symptoms associated, generally begin within 2 to 15 days of exposure and include;
- Sudden, severe headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Nasal congestion or discharge
- Changes in smell or taste
However, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms can further aid in diagnosing the condition.
- Stiff neck
- Sensitivity to light
- Loss of balance
How To Protect Yourself From The Naegleria Fowleri
Here are some ways which can protect you from this disease.
1. Clean Your Tanks and Water Reservoirs
Make sure to clean your water tanks at least once a year. Adding two tablespoons of bleaching powder will kill all the bacteria, further enhancing the protection against the disease.
2. Keep The Water Covered
Keep the water reservoirs and tanks covered in your house. This will minimize the number of bacteria and will keep the water clean and fresh for use.
3. Avoid Water Activities
Water sports and activities are the highlights of summer. However, it comes at the expense of being exposed to the deadly pathogen. Avoid water-related activities during periods of high water temperature and low water levels.
4. Do not Jump In Fresh Water
Freshwater lakes and rivers are the dwelling places for Naegleria Fowleri. Try to minimize exposure to natural water bodies.
5. Clip Your Nose
Since the nose is the gateway to this bacteria, which can help it pass to the brain, using a nose clip during such activities will minimize the exposure to this disease.
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